The most important dates and data collected of photography in the history of Polish inventors.



1270r. Witelo, First Polish mathematician, physician & philosopher. He wrote a book about optics "Perspektywa". It is about the reflection of sunlight. He used camera obscura for the observation of the sun.

1842r. Jozef Zielinski (1808-1878) First Polish man who took interest in professional photography, he wrote an article in Pamietnik Przyjaciol Przemyslu... "About daguerreotype".
An interesting fact about Jozef is that he was working on a project which was ahead of the centurary about Electromagnetic Drive ( 1851).

1875r. Wladysław Malachowski  (Leon Warnerke 1837-1900). First invented silvebromide collodion emulsion roll paper film 13 years before Kodak in 1875?. Also discovered characteristic tanning of the developer as well known nowadays as Sepia.

1878r. Adam Prazmowski
, was an astronomer and physician. Immigrated to Paris, France where he opened a factory of photographic lenses and other optical equipment.
He was an author of scientifc workings of the construction and theory based on the optical equipment.


1875 -1881r. Konrad Brandel(1838-1920). He designed and constructed a camera:
Fotorewolwer 1875
.Glass slides 6x9/9x12/12x16, 5cm which were able to be exchanged in daylight.
He received a "Gold Cross Merit" from the emperor Franciszk Jozef.

1883r. Stanislaw Jurkowski. He was one of the first to invent a focal planner shutter.

Aleksander Koroli (1828-1901). He constructed a wooden reporter camera which like the Fotorewolwer but automaticlly changed the glass slides.

1896r.  Piotr Lebiedzinski  (1860-1934). He opened a factory turned business which from 1933 was known as Foton.
He produced cameras:
Chicago1896 - A wooden camera which would fold up. Folding wooden camera, with the format 9x12cm
Diops1904 - Folding camera with the format 6x9cm

1899r. Aleksander Ginsberg 
He built in Warsaw a factory which produced optical equipment and cameras known as FOS.
He was well known for his production and the good quality of his planistygmat lenses.
He produced these cameras:
FOS, 1903.
Stereotres 1904 
- stereo camera.
Zeflex, 1905.

1901r. Edmund Brodkowski. Produced in the city of Lwow, Lithuania which was under Polish rein at this era, wooden folding cameras.

1905r.  Juliusz   Drac.

He designed a camera to record colour picture which was shown in full colour on a projector which he also designed.

1922r. Factory "Polskie Zaklady Optyczne".
 This factory produced microscopes and still to this day, binoculars, optical equipment and photographic cameras for the military. Their production line consisted of:
K-28, 1929 - Camera for educational purposes.
Monarex, 1936
- Camera for the identification purposes, assembled in the plane floor.
Toporex,1938  - Portable camera for identification purposes.

1932r. Kamera Polska KA-POL, Pawel Sobkowski, established a factory in Chodziez Poland, which he produced cameras:

Widok 1932
, wooden bellows camera. Format of 6x9cm aswell 9x12cm.
Boleś 1933, Box camera. Format 4.5x6cm.
Filma 1934 i Filma 2, box camera. Format 4.5x6cm and 6x9cm. Lense is Meniskus.

1934r. Brother's Pawelski, BPW.
 Opened a factory, licensed for manufacturing the famous Korona. Assembled from the parts of the company, Merten.
Korona, 1934r.  Bakelite construction. Lense PZO 11/6.5cm. Format 4.5x6cm.
Korona Tankette, 1938.
Similar construction from the earlier model Korona.

1937r. Company "Zelazkiewicz - Niepanicz"
Expanded their company from not only manufacturing watches but also cameras. They were giving the licensing manufacturing terms for Sida - Berlin.
Sida-Optyka - format 24x24mm. Bakelite constructed. The sizing of this camera are 68mm x 50mm x 39mm.

1946r. Warszawskie Zaklady Fotochemiczne.
This company was re-built in 1946 after it was demolished during the Second World War.


"WZF" Warszawskie Zaklady Foto-optyczne was built.

1953r. First ever Polish camera built after WWII, "START".

 WZF produced the camera, "DRUH".

 WZF they delivered the first 35mm Polish camera, "FENIX".

 WZF produced two cameras in one year, "AMI" which was made of polystyrene and later released "ALFA".

1963r. On the maket was delivered:
Enlarger lense with unquie construction which allowed to correct the colours for colour photography
"JANTAR" later released "JANPOL".

1967r. PZO
Released a new model of "START" on the market which was known as "START 66".

PZO. Had produced a head filter which corrected the colours in colour photography.

PZO. The last of the Polish camera being manufactured. "START 66S".


Dzieje polskiej fotografii - Ignacy Płażewski
1000 słów o Fotografii - Henryk Latos
Fotografia Technika i Technologia(1955) - Tadeusz Cyprian
Młody Technik (11/1980)
Historia Fotografii Polskiej w latach 1839-1889 Aleksander Macisza
Ilustrowana Encyklopedia Dla Wszystkich "Podstawy Fotografii" Mikołaj Ilinski
Fotografia w praktyce amatorskiej - Zbigniew Pękoslawski
Spojrzenie w przeszłość  polskiej fotografii Ignacy Płażewski


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